C O U R S E S

POS 504

The Supreme Court and Property

POS 504 APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF U.S. POLITICS

History/Political Science
The College of Saint Rose

Carl Swidorski

Course Description

This course uses a "sociology of knowledge" approach to examine the development of the political science profession. Most of the course will deal with material primarily relevant to the disciplinary subfields of U.S. politics, public administration, public policy, public law, political theory, and political methodology. We will not devote much time to the subfields of international relations and comparative politics. We will address three principal topics: 1) substantive issues - the questions that the political science discipline has considered important to examine; 2) epistemology the methods of inquiry that the profession has used to investigate these issues; and 3) the political, economic, social, cultural, and ideological context in which the discipline has developed.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

You will be evaluated and graded on the basis of the criteria listed below. Regular class attendance, faithful reading of the required materials, class participation, and completion of assignments is expected and will be necessary to successfully complete these requirements.

1. Weekly Assignments and Class Participation 25%

Each week, several students will be responsible for initiating class discussion of assigned reading material. You should be prepared to provide a brief summary of the principal thesis and conclusions of your author; an analysis of the types of arguments and evidence used; some comparisons/contrasts with other course material; and several discussion questions. These assignments and general class participation will be the basis of your evaluation for this requirement.

2. Exam 25%

An in-class essay exam will be given on April 30th. The question you have to answer is attached as Appendix C of the syllabus. This is the same question you will be asked on your M.A. comprehensive exam.

3. Article Reviews 50%

You must write four article reviews based on the guidelines contained in the "Article/Book Review" guide contained in Appendix A. Each review should be limited to five, double-spaced pages and is due on the date noted in the attached "Reading and Discussion Schedule." You must choose one article from each of the four time periods I am using to classify the development of the discipline. Part of your task is to choose "good" articles - those which allow you to utilize the guidelines suggested in Appendix A.

Required Reading

Seidelman, Raymond. 1985. Disenchanted Realists: Political Science and the American Crisis, 1884-1984. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.

Ricci, David M. 1984. The Tragedy of Political Science: Politics, Scholarship, and Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Gunnell, John G. 1993. The Descent of Political Theory: The Genealogy of an American Vocation. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Farr, James and Seidelman, Raymond, eds. 1993. Discipline and History: Political Science in the United States. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Articles to be read are listed in the Reading and Discussion Schedule. All articles not in the Farr and Seidelman book are included in the course article packet. You must return these packets to me at the end of the semester in unmarked, good condition.

READING AND DISCUSSION SCHEDULE

January 13 Class Introduction

I. Overviews of the Political Science Profession

January 20

Seidelman, "Foreward."
Gunnell, "Introduction." Farr and Seidelman, "General Introduction."
David Easton, "Political Science in the United States: Past and Present," in Farr and Seidelman.
Terence Ball, "An Ambivalent Alliance: Political Science and American Democracy," in James Farr et. al., eds., Political Science in History: Research Programs and Political Traditions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

January 27

Gunnell, chapter 1.
Seidelman, chapter 1.
Ricci, chapter 1.
Hanes Walton Jr. et. al., "Race and Political Science: The Dual Traditions of Race Relations, Politics, and African-American Politics," in Farr et. al.
Dorothy Ross, "The Development of the Social Sciences," in Farr and Seidelman.

February 3

Ricci, chapter 2.
Gunnell, chapters 2 and 3.
Stephen T. Leonard, "The Pedagogical Purposes of a Political Science," in Farr et. al. James Farr, "Political Science and the State," in Farr and Seidelman.

II. The Formal-Legal Stage (1857-1920)

February 10

Ricci, chapter 3.
Seidelman, chapter 2.
Gunnell, chapter 4.
Francis Lieber, "History and Political Science, Necessary Studies in Free Countries," in Farr and Seidelman.
Woodrow Wilson, "The Study of Administration," in Farr and Seidelman.
John W. Burgess, "The Idea and Forms of the State," in Farr and Seidelman.
Arthur Bentley, "The Units of Investigation in the Social Sciences," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 5 (1895), 915-41.
W. W. Willoughby, "The American Political Science Association," in Farr and Seidelman.

III. The "Traditional" Stage (1920-1950)

February 17

Seidelman, chapter 3.
Gunnell, chapter 5.
Charles Beard, "Politics," in Farr and Seidelman.
Charles Merriam, "Recent Advances in Political Methods," in Farr and Seidelman.
Edward S. Corwin, "The Democratic Dogma and the Future of Political Science," American Political Science Review 23 (August 1929), 569-92.
Benjamin E. Lippincott, "The Bias of American Political Science," in Farr and Seidelman.
Charles Beard, "The Assumptions of Democracy," Political Science Quarterly LIII (19??), 328-49.
John Dewey, "Social Science and Social Control," The New Republic, July 29, 1931, 276-77.
"A Humanist Manifesto," The New Humanist 6 (1933), 1-5.

February 24 FIRST REVIEW DUE

Gunnell, chapter 6 and 7.
Seidelman, chapter 4.
Ricci, chapter 4.
Peter Odegard, "Political Scientists and the Democratic Service State," Journal of Politics 2 (June 1940) 140-64.
William Foote Whyte, "Instruction and Research: A Challenge to Political Science," American Political Science Review 37 (August 1943), 692-97.
Gabriel Almond, "Politics and Ethics: A Symposium," American Political Science Review 42 (April 1946), 283-93.
Paul Appleby, "Political Science: The Next Twenty-Five Years," American Political Science Review 4 (December 1950), 924-32.
Harold Lasswell, "Specialists on Intelligence," in Farr and Seidelman. Carl J. Friedrich, "Political Science in the United States in Wartime," American Political Science Review 41 (October 1947), 978-89.
IV. The Behavioral Era (1950-1970)

March 10 SECOND REVIEW DUE

Gunnell, chapters 8 and 9.
Seidelman, chapter 5.
Leonard D. White, "Political Science, Mid-Century," in Farr and Seidelman.
V.O. Key, Jr., "A Theory of Critical Elections," Journal of Politics 17 (1955), 3-18.
David Easton, "The Idea of a Political System and the Orientation of Political Research," in Farr and Seidelman.
Robert A. Dahl, "The Behavioral Approach to Political Science: Epitaph for a Monument to a Successful Protest," in Farr and Seidelman.
David B. Truman, "Disillusion and Regeneration: The Quest for a Discipline," American Political Science Review 59 (December 1965), 865-73.
Joseph LaPalombara, "Decline of Ideology: A Dissent and An Interpretation," American Political Science Review 60 (March 1966), 5-16.

March 24

Gunnell, chapter 10.
Ricci, chapter 5.
David Easton, "The Current Meaning of Behavioralism," in James C. Charlesworth, ed., Contemporary Political Analysis (New York, 1967), 11-31.
David B. Truman, "The Impact on Political Science of the Revolution in the Behavioral Sciences," in Heinz Eulau, ed., Behavioralism in Political Science (New York, 1960), 38-67. Heinz Eulau, "Political Behavior," in International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 12 (1968), 203- 14.
David Easton, "The New Revolution in Political Science." American Political Science Review 63 (December 1969), 1051-61.
Terence Ball, "American Political Science in Its Postwar Political Context," in Farr and Seidelman.

V. The Post-Behavioral Era: The Eclipse of Conformity? (1970-1999)

March 31

Ricci, chapter 6.
Norman Jacobson, "Political Science and Political Education," in Farr and Seidelman.
Christian Bay, "Politics and Pseudopolitics: A Critical Evaluation of Some Behavioral Literature," American Political Science Review 59 (March 1965), 39-51.
Robert Engler, "Social Science and Social Consciousness: The Shame of the Universities," in Theodore Roszak, ed., The Dissenting Academy (New York, 1967) 182-207.
James Petras, "Ideology and United States Political Scientists," Science and Society 29 (Spring 1965) 192-216.
Martin Landau, "The Myth of Hyperfactualization in Political Science," Political Science Quarterly 83 (September 1968) 378-99.

April 7 THIRD REVIEW DUE

Seidelman, chapter 6.
Gunnell, chapter 11.
Sheldon Wolin, "Political Theory as a Vocation," American Political Science Review 63 (December 1969) 1062-82.
Noam Chomsky, "The Responsibility of Intellectuals," in Roszak, The Dissenting Academy, 254-98.
Alan Wolfe, "Unthinking About the Thinkable: Reflections on the Failure of the Caucus for a New Political Science," Politics and Society 1 (May 1971), 398-406. Charles E. Lindblom, "Another State of Mind," in Farr and Seidelman.
William H. Riker, "The Two-Party System and Duverger's Law: An Essay on the History of Political Science," in Farr and Seidelman.

VI. Ideology, Epistemology, and Theory in the Modern Era

April 14

Ricci, chapters 7 and 8.
Helene Silvenberg, "Gender Studies and Political Science: The History of the 'Behavioralist Compromise,'" in Farr and Seidelman.
Robert A. Dahl, "A Critique of the Ruling Elite Model," American Political Science Review 52 (June 1958), 463-69.
Peter Bachrach and Morton S. Baratz, "Two Faces of Power," American Political Science Review 56 (1962), 947-52.
John Manley, "Neo-Pluralism: A Class Analysis of Pluralism I and Pluralism II," American Political Science Review 77 (1983), 368-83.

April 21

Ricci, chapter 9. James Farr, "Remembering the Revolution: Behavioralism in American Political Science," in Farr et. al.
Sanford Schram, "Pragmatic Theories versus Theories of Pragmatism: Post-Positivistic Political Theory," paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association, San Francisco, March 19-21, 1992.
Gabriel A. Almond, "The Return to the State," American Political Science Review 82 (September 1988), 853-74.
Theodore J. Lowi, "The State in Political Science: How We Become What We Study," in Farr and Seidelman.
Karen Orren and Stephen Skowronek, "Order and Time in Institutional Study: A Brief for the Historical Approach," in Farr et. al.

April 28 FOURTH REVIEW DUE

Seidelman, chapter 7.
Joan Roelofs, "Foundations and Political Science," New Political Science No. 23 (Fall, 1992).
H. Mark Roelofs, "Two Ways to Political Science: Critical and Descriptive," PS: Political Science and Politics 28 (June 1994).
Huntington, Samuel P. "One Soul at a Time: Political Science and Political Reform." American Political Science Review 82 (No. 1) 1988, 3-10.
Rogers M. Smith, "Beyond Tocqueville, Myrdal, and Hartz: The Multiple Traditions in America," American Political Science Review 87 (September 1993), 549-66. Robert A. Dahl, "Equality v. Inequality," PS: Political Science and Politics (December 1996), 639-48.
Lynton K. Caldwell, "The State As a Work of Art: Statecraft for the 21st Century," PS: Political Science and Politics (December 1996), 657-64.

May 5 FINAL EXAM




Faculty Home | St. Rose Home