HIS 357

History of Mexico

HIS 357
History of Mexico


This course examines Mexico's past and encourages students to analyze and understand the historical factors that have shaped the contours of modern Mexican social, political, economic, and cultural development. In particular, it emphasizes the:

1) diversity of pre-Columbian indigenous societies with special attention to the classic and post-classic civilizations of Teotihuacan, Tollan, and Tenochtitlan;
2) impact of Spanish conquest and colonization;
3) development of transAtlantic markets and the various colonial systems of land/labor mobilization, including encomienda, hacienda, repartimiento, debt peonage, and slavery;
4) role of indigenous American and African peoples in Mexican colonial development;
5) 18th century economic and strategic competition among European states, the Bourbon reforms, and their contribution to anti-colonial struggles in Mexico;
6) racial, ethnic, class and institutional conflicts within colonial New Spain and their contributions to early 19th century independence movements;
7) political rivalry between Liberals and Conservatives and the effect of recurrent foreign intervention, collapse of transAtlantic markets, disintegration of the nation state, and resulting expansion of peasant and ranchero production until 1880;
8) impact of late 19th century dependent development, reemergence of the liberal state, and the revolutionary social consequences of capitalist accumulation;
9) regional, gendered, ethnic, and class rivalries within the 1910 Mexican Revolution and their contributions to the consolidation of a new, postimperialist, corporatist Mexican state;
10) the respective roles of globalization, neoliberalism, and the transformation of late 20th century international political economy that deconstructed the Mexican state and reanimated internal conflicts previously mediated by the Revolutionary consensus forged between 1910 and 1976; and
11) historiography of the Mexican Revolution.

Assigned Texts:

Aguilar Camin, Hector and Meyer, Lorenzo. In the Shadow of the Mexican Revolution. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.

Coe, Michael D. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs. 4th ed. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1994.

Conniff, Michael L. and Davis,Thomas J. Africans in the Americas. New York: St. Martins Press, 1994.

Gerhard, Peter. "A Black Conquistador in Mexico," in Darien J. Davis, ed., Slavery and Beyond: The African Impact on Latin America and the Caribbean. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1995.

Gibson, Charles. The Aztecs Under Spanish Rule. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1964.

Hart, John Mason. Revolutionary Mexico: The Coming and Process of the Mexican Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Meyer, Michael C. and Sherman, William L. The Course of Mexican History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Rout, Leslie B. The African Experience in Spanish America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Palmer, Colin. Slaves of the White God: Blacks in Mexico, 1570-1650. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.

Taylor, William B. "Patterns and Variety in Mexican Village Uprisings." John E. Kicza, ed. The Indian in Latin American History. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1993.

Tunon Pablos, Julia. Women in Mexico: A Past Unveiled. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999.

Tutino, John. From Insurrection to Revolution in Mexico: Social Bases of Agrarian Violence, 1750-1940. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Course Outline:

I. Regionalism and Mexico's Geo-political Configuration (1/19)

II. Pre-Columbian Mexico: Parallel Universes and Ethnic, Class, and Imperial Conflict, 200-1519 Coe, chs. 1, 6-9 Tunon Pablos, ch. 1 (1/24-2/2) *Meyer & Sherman, ch. 1

III. La Conquista and the Development of TransAtlantic Markets: Europe and Africa in Colonial New Spain, 1519-1713Coe, pp. 197-204Tunon Pablos, ch. 2 +Conniff & Davis, pp. 31-46 +Rout, pp. 3-26, 99-107 (2/7-2/9) +Gerhard, pp. 1-10 +Palmer, pp. 1-35, 119-144, 187-190 (2/14-2/16) +Gibson, pp. 220-299, 403-409 (2/21-2/23) *Meyer & Sherman, chs. 2-3

IV. Bourbon Spain and Mexican Independence: Imperial Rivalries and Internal Disorder, 1713-1821 Tutino, chs. 1-5 +Rout, pp. 162-182 (2/28-3/1) +Taylor, pp. 109-140 *Meyer & Sherman, ch. 4

V. Legacies of Insurrection: Foreign Intervention, Agrarian Conflict, and the Forging of a Liberal Nation State, 1821-1880 Tunon Pablos, ch. 3 Tutino, chs. 6-7 (3/6-8)

*Meyer & Sherman, chs. 5-6 VI. Origins of Revolution: Political Consolidation, Dependent Capitalist Development, and Class Conflict, 1880-1910 Tunon Pablos, ch. 4 Tutino, chs. 8-9 (3/20-3/22) Hart, pp. 1-188 (3/27-3/29)

*Meyer & Sherman, ch. 7 VII. In the Vortex of Revolution: Peasants, Workers, Women, Provincial Elites, and the Emergence of a Corporate National Bourgeoisie, 1910-40 Tunon Pablos, ch. 5 Hart, pp. 237-379 Aguilar Camin & Meyer, chs. 1-4 (4/3-4/12)

*Meyer & Sherman, chs. 8-9 VIII. In the Shadow of Revolution: Postimperialism, Populism, and Stable Capitalist Growth, 1940-1976 Tutino, ch. 10 (4/17-4/19) Aguilar Camin & Meyer, ch. 5 *Meyer & Sherman, ch. 10

IX. Back to the Future: Globalization, Neoliberalism, and the Deconstruction of the Revolutionary State, 1976-2000 Aguilar & Camin, ch. 6 (4/26-5/3)

Tunon Pablos, ch. 6 & Conclusion *Recommended reading +Photocopies available either in class or on reserve at the library

Course Requirements:

Grades will be based upon a map test (10%), class participation (20%), a mid-term (20%), a research paper (25%), and either a final exam or a journal that summarizes and critically evaluates assigned readings (25%). The map test will be scheduled for February 2 and a second unscheduled map test will be administered later in the semester. The two grades will be averaged together or, if the score on the second exam is significantly higher, it will be used to figure the map test component of the final grade.

The class participation grade will be calculated based upon students' written answers to study guide questions drawn from assigned readings and their weekly performance in open class discussions of this material. The class participation grade will measure your reading comprehension, the cogency of your oral arguments, the quality of evidence which you adduce to support them, and the clarity of your presentation.

The research paper will examine a topic of your choice, subject to the instructor's approval. You must select your topic by January 31 and submit a tentative working bibliography by February 7. On January 21 and 28, there will be special workshops designed to assist you with both tasks. If necessary, there may be additional workshops organized later in the semester to facilitate your satisfactory completion of the research requirement.

Your research paper must include original research, utilize a variety of primary and secondary sources, and demonstrate familiarity with relevant historiographic problems and interpretations. Organizationally, it should be divided into three sections. First, the introduction should present a thesis statement and a brief historiographic discussion that reveals your command of relevant secondary literature and places your topic within the context of some broader recurring issue or issues examined in class. A draft of this section will be due on March 20. Second, the body of your essay should examine in detail the origins, operation, and outcome of the events germane to your topic. Successive paragraphs should offer various arguments which buttress your thesis. Within each paragraph, relevant evidence drawn from primary and secondary sources should be offered to support your argument. A draft of this section and a second draft of the historiographic section must be submitted on April 12. Third, your conclusion should summarize your thesis and principal arguments. FINAL PAPERS MUST BE NEAT, PROOF-READ, TYPED, DOUBLE-SPACED, COMPLETE WITH NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY ACCORDING TO APPLICABLE RULES OF STYLE. They will be due on May 3.

You may choose the fifth component of your final grade, but you must inform me of your decision by mid-term. You may either take a final comprehensive exam or you may opt to write a journal that accurately summarizes and critically analyzes the major theses, arguments, and evidence presented by the authors in the assigned readings. A separate handout that describes the journal option will be provided in class. The final exam is scheduled for Monday, May 8 between 11:00 AM and 1:30 PM, during which time journals also will be due.

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